• Extrimiction

Not only in science are technological development evolving rapidly, in the creative world of designing evolving just as fast. Nowadays are designers the first to try and to develop new materials. To use creative minds: to tackle the world’s biggest problems. A durable and healthier life had become very important in our society and the proper appreciation of nature. Designers are inspired by nature! Natural materials are getting a second life and functional.
Mushrooms comes more interesting for designers, the mushrooms are used as basis to grow furniture. Growing furniture sounds weird, mycelium: the rooting system of mushrooms makes it possible.

A couple of examples to growing furniture:
The Mycelium Project – Print and Grow. The MyceliumChair designed by Eric Klarenbeek
Studio Eric Klarenbeek is the first in the world to 3D-printing living organisms, such as living mycelium. The threadlike network of fungi, in combination with local raw materials to create products. Using this infinite natural source of organisms as living glue for binding organic waste. Once it’s full-grown and dried, it turns into a structural, stable and renewable material. Eric used a 3D-printer to grow a chair. An amazing mushroom-sprouting chair that fuses organic materials with 3D-printing. The sculptural fungus chair is sowed with mushroom spores that flourish over time, creating a new symbol of organic technology.

What’s happened when you combine modern 3D-printing with the biological building block of fungi. In order to create a pliable material, extracted mycelium from fungus and used the thread-like material as a base. Mixed the mycelium with a compound of organic straw and water, creating a substance that could be fed into a 3D-printer. The new substance is printed into a sculptural chair, inspired by the natural growth of fungus and organic forms in nature. Once printed, the mycelium is still living and continues to grow. The chair dried out and covered it with a layer of bio plastic in order to cease the mycelium’s growing process and preserve the delicate shape. Living mushrooms were added to retain the chair’s living element and they will reinforce the durability of the chair as they grow thicker.

4 myceliumchair

Myx Lamp designed by Jonas Devard.
Designer Jonas Devard plant fibre and mushroom-mycelium to grow lamps. The new Myx Lamp which is made entirely form plant fibers and mushroom mycelium. The lamps are grown over a period of two weeks as fungi eat a substrate of plant fibers and produce a flexible and soft living textile. The production of the Myx Lamp is 500-600 grams of mushrooms and after harvesting the fungi the mycelium base serves as a dry and lightweight lampshade that is organic, compostable and sustainable. The result is an waste product as a nutritious source of food.

Producing a chair and pendant lights with moulds, designed by Merjan Tara Sisman and Brian McClellan.
Students from Philadelphia University investigated the potential of mycelium for growing furniture. They made a chair and pendant lights with producing moulds. The method is inspired by 3D-printing, it’s builds the product, layer by layer. The designers does it by hand, mycelium is pressed between the moulds.


Eric Klarenbeek
Jonas Dvard
Merjan Tara


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